Simple Laptop Cooling Stand with 200mm Noctua Fan

I assembled the two sides of the stand inside-out to make room for the fan.

I hung the fan from the stand using 2 segments of string.

I angled the fan backwards to make the air flow across the bottom of the laptop.

My MateBook X Pro can sustain 2.1GHz on the desk for 5 minutes before shutting off due to VRM overheating (working on solving that right now), but this stand allows it to sustain 2.7GHz indefinitely. As a bonus, I removed the bottom lid altogether and just let the Noctua blow on the laptop's heatsink directly. No thermal throttling at all anymore. 3.7GHz on all 4 cores. I might just use that when my laptop's staying on the desk for a long time.

MateBook X Pro, CPU+GPU full load for 10 minutes, on desk.

MateBook X Pro, CPU+GPU full load for 10 minutes, on stand with fan on.

The biggest benefit of using the Noctua fan instead of lower-quality off-the-shelf laptop coolers is that the former is much quieter.

MateBook X Pro Bottom Creaking Fix

PSA: Please take this MXP user survey about issues and mods!

The Problem

The bottom of the Huawei MateBook X Pro makes a creaking or squeaking noise when you lift the laptop by a bottom corner.

The Cause

The noise is not caused by the laptop’s body but by the crinkling of the battery’s wrapping. You are exerting pressure on the battery area, slightly bending the bottom panel and pressing the battery.

The Solution

Continue reading

Improving MateBook X Pro’s Speakers

PSA: Please take this MXP user survey about issues and mods!

The MateBook X Pro has some of the best speakers on any ultrabook. Unlike most laptops, it has 4 speakers instead of 2: there are a pair of up-facing tweeters under the speaker grill and a pair of down-facing woofers on the laptop’s bottom corners. The crisp up-firing tweeters greatly enhance soundstage and imaging. Nevertheless, these speakers are not perfect, and here’s some ways we can improve them.

Analysis in Stock Form

You can refer to this graph to adjust your equalizer setting in the Dolby app, but to get much better sound, read on.

Continue reading

Eliminating MateBook X Pro Throttling

PSA: Please take this MXP user survey about issues and mods!

BEGONE, THROT!

Here are some steps you can take to unlock more performance from the Huawei MateBook X Pro by removing thermal and power limitations. This project is a work-in-progress, so take my advice with a grain of salt and check back often to see new developments. I encourage those with experience to try their own methods as well.

Effects:

  • No more power limit throttling
  • Minimal thermal throttling
  • Be able to maintain much higher CPU frequency under sustained load

See this score on 3DMark.com or compare PCMark with other MXPs on Reddit

A typical MXP scores around 3500.

See this score on PassMark.com or compare PassMark with others on Reddit

See this score on Geekbench.com or compare Geekbench with others on Reddit

A typical MateBook X Pro score is a little over 800.

See this score on HWBot or compare with others on Reddit

Disclaimer: You are about to void your warranty. You are liable for any damage you make to your device. While my laptop survived and benefited from these modifications, they may still break, damage or shorten the lifespan of your laptop.

These steps are arranged not by difficulty or effectiveness but in the order that requires the least time, effort, and risk. Read through all the steps before you begin. If you choose to omit some steps or parts of steps, make sure you set a safe power limit or refrain from disabling DPTF.

[SW] = software mod; [HW] = hardware mod.

[SW] Undervolt

Benefits: Increases overall efficiency by making the CPU and iGPU run at a voltage no higher than necessary. The processor will generate less heat and therefore throttle less.

  1. Install ThrottleStop.
  2. Use Offset Voltage in the FIVR menu to lower the frequency of the CPU CoreCPU CacheIntel GPU, and iGPU Unslice.
    1. Keep the first two CPU-related voltages the same, and keep the last two GPU-related voltages the same. -80mV core and -40mV graphics are safe values to start at.
    2. Work your way down in 10mV increments. Use AIDA64, Prime95, Kombustor or some other program to stress test your CPU and GPU with every increment to make sure it's stable.
    3. I reached a stable setting of -0.100V core and -0.050V graphics. You should get something similar.
  3. Once you've gotten a stable undervolt, select "Save Voltages Immediately" in the bottom right corner to make it persistent across reboots.
Before doing the following hardware mods, read my MateBook X Pro teardown. Get some kind of anti-static protection.

[HW] Add Graphite Sheets to Case

Research & Findings

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MXP already has a pyrolytic graphite sheet (PGS) underneath the keyboard, but it doesn't extend beyond the motherboard area. The keyboard could be 66°C even when the palmrest is 35°C. That's a lot of thermal mass and surface area usable for cooling going to waste.

Benefits: Greatly reduces the hot spot on the keyboard and uses the laptop's body as a big heatsink, with lots of surface area and even more thermal mass.

See how my graphite sheets span the entire area from top to bottom.

  1. Remove the bottom lid and heatsink.
  2. Disconnect and remove the battery and fan.
  3. Remove the SSD, motherboard, USB-A daughterboard, and LCD controller.
  4. Peel away the soft support (black square) under the SSD.
  5. Cut and apply three sheets of Panasonic PGS series EYG-A121807M (available on Digi-Key) to shape. These sheets are of the thickness variant with the highest heat transfer (conductivity×thickness), and the version with the necessary adhesive and insulation layers.

[HW] Dampen the Fan Whine (Optional)

Benefits: Reduces the high-pitched whistle from the fan motor's coils, leaving pretty much just wind noise. If done correctly, this mod does not slow down the fan or make it less effective, only quieter.

Warning: this mod is challenging to do right and risks breaking your fan.

  1. Unscrew the one tiny screw on the fan.
  2. Lift the the tabs and remove the fan's lid.
  3. Spin the impeller with your finger and gauge the feel of its momentum.
  4. Gently pull the impeller off.
  5. Cover the bearing with electrical tape or something to prevent the glue from getting into it.
  6. You can also surround the outside of the magnet ring with putty to restrict the glue from flowing out.
  7. Fill the coils with some kind of non-permanent glue or gel. I used the silicone-based thermal glue from the steps below. Wipe away any excess to make sure the impeller has enough clearance to spin as smoothly as before. Be careful not to break any wires.
  8. Put the fan back together. Does the fan still spin smoothly? If not, go back and clean off excess gel.

[HW] Add Keyboard-Side Cooling

Research & Findings

The metal heatsink mounting brackets are a darker color not because they are cooler, but because they have very different emissivity.

Bare motherboard backside, heatsink not attached, plugged in, CPU idle, GPU inactive.

A good amount of heat conducts to the motherboard backside, which means we can try to transfer it out to cool the entire thing.


Benefits:

  • Cools the CPU VRM to prevent thermal shutdown when we raise the CPU power in later steps.
  • Cools the CPU itself to reduce thermal throttling.
  • Cools the charging circuit so it's willing to charge faster during high load.

In the following steps, I used 2 different types of thermal pads:

  • T-Global TGX: best thermal conductivity (12W/mK) (second only to Fujipoly XR-m, which is too hard and brittle for our application). TGX, however, is very soft (65 Shore 00) and compressible, which allows for good conformity and contact. They're available on Digi-Key.
  • Arctic thermal pads: extreme softness (25 Shore 00), which is very important for ensuring good contact with irregular-height surfaces. Yet, Arctic has by far the best thermal conductivity (6W/mK) for this softness level. They're available on Amazon.
  • Of course, you can choose to use Arctic instead of TGX in any of the steps below to save money with some performance trade-off.
  1. Peel the plastic film and rubber standoffs off the motherboard's backside. The thermal pads will now occupy their space.
  2. Add a layer of thermal pad to the motherboard backside. Use 0.5mm TGX on the heatsink mounting brackets and 1mm TGX everywhere else.
  3. Cover the fan's backside with 0.5mm TGX so that the fan can pull heat from the motherboard via this area of the case, which is very close to the CPU and gets very hot. (Thanks to Adrian Pflugshaupt for coming up with this!)
  4. Reinstall the motherboard. Apply some pressure to make sure the thermal pads have good contact. Remember to reinstall all the screws and reconnect all the connectors.

[HW] Replace the dGPU Thermal Pad with a Copper Shim

Benefits: Allows the GPU to sustain about 300MHz higher frequency. Normally, if you try overclocking the MXP's MX150, the GPU will thermal-throttle and keep itself from reaching your desired frequency. This mod helped me shave 15°C off the GPU temperature, so now the GPU bottleneck is never temperature but only the 10W power limit of the MX150 1D12 variant.

I probably put more thermal glue around the edges than necessary, but that doesn’t matter.

  1. Remove the GPU's thermal pad and clean the GPU and heatsink base plate.
  2. Put a pea-sized amount of thermal paste on the heatsink base plate.
    • I used Thermal Grizzly Kyronaut for its high thermal conductivity (12.5W/mK) and low viscosity (130-170Pas). It's available on Amazon.
    • Don't use liquid metal thermal paste as it may corrode the heatsink and cause performance degradation over time. Gallium still reacts with copper, only slower.
  3. Firmly press a 0.3mm copper shim (available on Amazon) onto the base plate.
  4. Put a bit of thermal glue around the corners of the shim to keep it from sliding. You can use a hairdryer to accelerate its curing.
  5. Apply a rice-sized amount of thermal paste to the GPU.

[HW] Add Heatsink-Side Cooling

Research & Findings

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

To identify the overheating VRM components, I removed the laptop's heatsink and put a small heatsink block on the CPU to expose the surrounding VRM for thermal imagery. These components get very hot even when the CPU is under little load.

Benefits: Prevents the CPU power-related components from overheating and causing the laptop to shut down when we lift power limits in the subsequent steps.

  1. Add thermal pads according to the heights in the picture. Here's my technique:
    1. Cut out and put on the biggest pads first.
    2. Press the heatsink against the components so they make imprints on the thermal pad. Now you see where the cutouts need to be.
    3. Use a paper knife to cut out the squares for the components.
    4. Cut the small pads for the components and put them in.

[HW] Add Thermal Pads to the SSD

Benefits: Eliminates SSD throttling. This increased my PassMark Disk Mark score from 18,159 to 26,826.

  1. Put 1.5mm Artic on the SSD's backside. (I used TGX but that's not necessary.)
  2. Peel away the plastic insulator on the heatsink. We don't need it anymore because the thermal pad's thickness will electrically insulate the SSD from the heatsink.
  3. Put 0.5mm Arctic over the SSD controller.
  4. Reinstall the SSD.

[HW] Replace the CPU Thermal Paste

Benefits: The CPU's heat will dissipate to the heatsink at a higher rate, so it will run cooler. The temperature drop will be crucial for reducing thermal throttling in the later steps.

  1. Clean the thermal paste off the CPU and heatsink.
  2. Reapply better thermal paste.
  3. Reconnect and reinstall the battery and make sure everything else is back in place.
  4. Reinstall the fan and heatsink.

[HW] Run Heatpipes to the Fan

Research & Findings

The Honor Magicbook has an arguably better cooler design, and part of that is because the fan casing is copper and thermally coupled to the heatpipes. In other words, the fan casing IS a heatsink.

Benefits: Turns the fan casing into a small but efficient heatsink, as the fan blades are right there to scoop away the heat. This lowered my CPU temperature by another 8°C or so and finally enabled me to indefinitely boost at 3.7GHz under full CPU load without extra help from a cooling stand.

You don't need the electrical tape there if you don't peel away the foam seal. Disregard the marker lines; they are for my emissivity tests.

  1. The heatpipes cannot be more than 1mm thick to fit inside the laptop. I used these.
  2. Put the heatpipes in place to see how they fit. Bend them slightly to accommodate the height difference between the fan casing and heatsink.
  3. Lay down thermal paste along the heatpipe's path.
  4. Press the heatpipe over the thermal paste.
  5. Put thermal glue around the edges. You can use a hairdryer to accelerate its curing.

[SW] Remove Intel DPTF

Benefits: The Intel Dynamic Platform and Thermal Framework limits the maximum power of the CPU to 10W under sustained load. This mechanism is known as power throttling. Removing Intel DPTF eliminates this limitation and allows you to raise the power limits in XTU so that the CPU can sustain much higher frequencies (boost) for much longer.

Warning: Removing DPTF is dangerous unless you've ensured that no component will overheat. The previous steps should fulfill that, but there is always a risk.
  1. Open Device Manager, under "System Devices", find all devices whose names start with "Intel(R) Dynamic Platform and Thermal Framework".
  2. For each of those devices, follow this guide to prevent Windows Update from automatically reinstalling DPTF.
    1. Before clicking OK at the last step, make sure you check "Also apply to matching devices that are already installed."
  3. Those devices in Device Manager should now appear as unknown devices.

[SW] Disable Power Limits

Benefits: Allows the CPU to boost with more power and for longer (indefinitely!).

Prerequisites: You MUST have sufficient cooling for the CPU and VRM before raising the power limit here.

Screenshots

  1. Go to ThrottleStop's FIVR menu and click Install under the Memory section. Follow the popup's instructions.
  2. Check "Disable and Lock Turbo Power Limits".
  3. Follow this guide to have ThrottleStop run at startup.

We've now eliminated all excuses for the MXP to throttle. You can tweak the Speed Shift number in ThrottleStop's main menu to change the CPU's willingness to run at high frequencies. The lower the SST number, the more it will favor high frequencies. OR...

[SW] Force Highest Frequency (Optional)

Benefits: Usually, the U-series i7 likes to lower its frequency under high load to reduce power usage. But that's the opposite of what you want it to do if you want the computer to be fast! This method forces the CPU to maintain the highest frequency (4GHz!), even if it means raising the power when needed. When combined with the previous step, it's basically laptop CPU overclocking. This is immensely powerful (quite literally) — it makes your laptop absolutely boost-happy and eliminates so much stutter!

  1. In ThrottleStop, set Speed Shift to 0.

Digi-Key

Amazon

May 10

I replaced the CPU thermal paste with Thermal Grizzly Kryonaut and the GPU thermal pad with 0.5mm Fujipoly XR-m. These should give me more thermal headroom, but I didn't check the temperatures in stock form beforehand, so I have no comparison.

May 15

The MateBook X Pro's CPU throttles to ~10W under sustained load. Intel XTU and HWiNFO report that this is Power Limit throttling, specifically PL1, which is set to 10W by default.

May 20

I followed this guide to disable DPTF in Windows, and now the package TDP can stay at 30W as long as Turbo Boost Power Max in XTU is set to 30 or above.

With the Power Limit unlocked, XTU's CPU stress test caused the laptop to shut off. The CPU at that time was 92°C, which leads me to believe that something else, such as a MOSFET, is overheating.

I was on a -100mV undervolt, so I reverted to normal voltage but it shut off even quicker. Therefore, CPU instability is probably not the cause either.

I gave the MX150 a Base Clock Offset of +200MHz and a Memory Clock Offset of +400MHz. They have been stable for me.

June 2

I removed the heatsink, put a little heatsink on the CPU, ran a stress test and measured the temperatures of the components surrounding the CPU. The inductors, MOSFETs, and resistors right above the CPU are the hottest, exceeding 60°C.

July 7

I peeled off the plastic insulator film on the keyboard side of the motherboard and put thermal pads on the CPU area to cool the aforementioned components. I used 0.5mm on the metal bracket and 1mm everywhere else. I want their heat to go to the keyboard-area unibody. It won't burn my hands because the heat doesn't transfer to the keys much.

I am no longer using Fujipoly XR-m thermal pads because their tendency to dry makes me worry that their conductivity might degrade over time. Instead, I switched to Thermal Grizzly Minus Pad 8 across the board. Its theoretical thermal conductivity is lower, but its softness allows it to possibly work better in practice.

I also taped up the gaps along the hot air exhaust passage to make sure hot air doesn't escape back into the laptop.

July 8

I took off the MX150 core overclock to let GPU Boost 3.0 do its own thing.

I suspect that recent BIOS updates have reduced CPU power behavior. The package power hasn't been boosting beyond 20W.

July 9

Breakthrough! I am now able to sustain well over 20W indefinitely by combining XTU and ThrottleStop. XTU has the ability to set PL1 and PL2 to unlimited, which I haven't been able to replicate in ThrottleStop. Meanwhile, ThrottleStop can disable Speed Shift and enforce a high Multiplier. I think both programs have a apply-once behavior rather than regularly checking, so they don't seem with fight with each other. This has completely counteracted any possible behavior changes done by the BIOS update.

July 28

This method of disabling Intel DPTF no longer works for me, but I found a new method and have updated the guide accordingly.

July 31

Plugged in, CPU idle.

I found why the MXPro charges slowly, doesn't charge, or even discharges under high load. The charging rate is thermal throttling. The inductor and its surrounding transistors are thermal-padded to the heatsink, but that doesn't seem to be enough.

August 5

Added heatpipe hack and SSD cooling. Updated copper shim, keyboard-side and heatsink-side instructions, and added PassMark result. I'm now able to hit 42W and sustain over 30W.

October 5

Eliminated the need for XTU, since ThrottleStop 8.70 can disable power limits now.

November 14

Added Adrian's method of putting thermal pads under the fan and the step to make undervolt stick after reboot. Also changed the force highest frequency method from Set Multiplier to tweaking the Speed Shift number.

November 23

Added the fan whine damping trick.

December 5

  • Put the GPU copper shim step before heatsink-side pads.
  • Switched from 0.5mm to 0.3mm copper shim after realizing the original GPU thermal pad, being pressed down, was closer to 0.3mm effective thickness.
  • Decreased GPU area heatsink-side pads' thickness by 0.5mm.

It cost me several hundred dollars (thermal camera, materials etc.) and countless hours to figure this out, so please consider donating to support this project!




MateBook X Pro Touchpad Rattle Fix

PSA: Please take this MXP user survey about issues and mods!

If your Huawei MateBook X Pro’s touchpad is loose and rattles when you tap on it, try sticking a piece of paper between the touchpad and the frame. You might not need to remove the battery like I did, but if you do, the heatsink plate has to come off first, which is a hassle. You do NOT need to take out the touchpad itself to perform this mod.

Matebook X Pro Teardown

PSA: Please take this MXP user survey about issues and mods!

The only heatsink in this laptop is this big metal plate. In most laptops, a fan or two blow directly through a stacked-fin heatsink in a process called forced convection cooling. In the X Pro, heat spreads across the metal plate with the heatpipes' help, warming up the air inside the laptop. The small fan exhausts all this hot air and brings in new cool air using negative air pressure. It also generates some, but not enough, airflow across the heatsink plate.

The miserably small fan can spin at nearly 9,000 RPM, but the bar under it (where a heatsink with fins would usually be) is just one of the WiFi antennas.

The fan is the model BAZA0504R5H made by Asia Vital Components and rated at 5V 0.5A. This means it could theoretically use 2.5W when spinning at max speed (which happens to be around 8800RPM).

Look at how thin the fan is!

The fan has a sealed bearing.

The fan motor is 3-phase with 6 poles.

The copper base plate for the CPU.

Behind the keyboard is a pyrolytic graphite sheet to spread heat more evenly across the keyboard area.

See the motherboard with the heatsink off. The Nvidia MX150 GPU gets a thermal pad as if it were an Intel iGPU.

The back of the motherboard is covered with a plastic insulator film.

This is the motherboard's back with the plastic film removed.

The Nvidia MX150 (1D12 10W version) and its VRAM.

The motherboard has good component density. It's also the thinnest I've seen. The coil whine is insane on my unit.

The pop-up webcam's bottom and the springs for reducing the display cable's slack.

The WiFi card (Intel AC-8275) is non-replaceable.

Although the SSD is awkwardly under the heatsink, it can be wiggled straight out. I bought my X Pro on Taobao.com in China and it came with with a Samsung PM981.

The speakers under the speaker grill are tiny tweeters.

The tweeters fire upward through the grill, and they have a thin fabric filter cover.

Most of the sound comes from the bottom-facing speakers instead, which have much larger enclosures.

There is a cavity on each side of the touchpad, underneath the battery. The speakers could have extended into it like in the 2018 HP Spectre X360 13t. Poor use of space? A little bit.

Unlike the MateBook X, there are no screws under the rubber feet. Instead, there are many plastic tabs that hold the back plate firm.

The back cover has many foam pads that press against the internals.

  1. Unscrew the screws.
  2. Use a guitar pick or similar tool to feel, locate, and lift the tabs.
  3. Pull the hinge side of the back plate first.
  4. No need to be gentle with the middle tab—it's spring loaded.
  5. The tabs near the touchpad side like to be slid out.

If your touchpad is loose or rattles, read this.

If you want to get rid of throttling and unlock more performance, read this.